Adhesive Capsulitis/ Frozen Shoulder as it’s commonly known, is a clinical condition described as a gradual loss of shoulder movement due to pain and stiffness.
The condition comes in 3 stages, namely freezing, frozen and thawing stage:
Freezing– Diffused ache/Sharp pain with shoulder movement. (Duration of 0 to 3 months)
Frozen– Pain at end of range and increasing stiffness. Pain intensifies with movement. (Duration 3 to 9 months)
Thawing– Improving pain and progressive improvement of range. Stiffness at end range. (Duration 9 to 18 months)
Typical risk factors include:
– Female gender
– Above 40 years old
– History of frozen shoulder on the other side and post trauma to the shoulder.
*Treatment and management will depend on the stage of the condition.
Freezing stage– Anti inflammatory drugs, education on resting positions, posture education to prevent aggravating symptoms.
Frozen stage– Soft tissue release of tight neck and shoulder muscles. Shoulder blade muscles strengthening to correct muscle imbalance at the shoulder region due to pain.
Thawing stage– Manual therapy to loosen the joints and regain range. Exercise rehabilitation.
When in doubt, always consult a doctor/ a physio if you suspect you are developing such symptoms.